Great Smoky Mountains National Park

I’m planning a trip to GSMNP in a few weeks. I’m looking forward to trying to find the parks 30+ species of salamander and seeing some black bears (hopefully from a safe distance). I’ve never been before, though, and don’t know which spots are the best for wildlife viewing. If anyone who’s been there has some recommendations for their favorite trails and spots, I’d love to hear about it. I expect it to be very busy when I’m there, though, so I’d rather avoid some of the main tourist attractions in favor of some quieter spots.


I’m going in July, so I’m also interested in these answers

1 Like

Whatever do you want in the Smokies? So boring, nothing to see except for lots of tourists clogging roads and taking all the parking spots. :sweat_smile:

(On a more serious note, let me gather my maps and thoughts and I can definitely provide some tips for finding places to go that are off the beaten path.)

1 Like

Mostly to get an observation of a wild hellbender ^^ I’ll probably be happy just finding as many little salamanders as I can.


Penstemon and bees for me

1 Like

Avoiding the crowds: In general, weekdays are better than weekends, and the NC side of the park near Cherokee is less busy than the TN side near Gatlinburg. On my recent trip, Sugarlands Visitor Center was crowded with the line at the register in the gift shop snaking around all the way outside. By comparison, no line at all at Oconaluftee Visitor Center - I could just walk up and pay without a wait.

Some popular trails get overrun with lots of cars parked along the road. They are cranking down on illegal parking so if you have your heart set on one of those go early to beat the crowds. If you’re looking for a quieter hike, you may want to pass by the obviously crowded spots and find yourself a “Quiet Walkway.” These are actually signed like that and are short trails starting at small parking areas that most people pass by. They still have the same flowers and wildlife than other areas though and can be especially nice for making nature observations.

Wildlife viewing - Bears: Your best chances are probably in Cades Cove. I’ve consistently seen multiple bears there on my trips over recent years. A couple of things to note: There is a one-way loop road around the valley that does get very busy and clogged with slow-moving traffic, especially on weekends. It’s the only road to get in and out. It’s closed for vehicles on Wednesdays if you want to hike/bike around. Other days it opens at 8 AM and closes at sunset. Your best bet is to get there early. I try to plan my Cades Cove loops for weekdays and be in and out by 10-11 AM before the road gets too busy. The most direct access to Cades Cove is from the Townsend side.

Cades Cove with its meadows is also great for bees and butterflies. On a fall trip with my mom, we caught the rear end of the monarch migration passing through.

Wildlife viewing - Elk: There’s a good chance you’ll see some in the big meadow at the Oconaluftee Visitor Center near Cherokee, NC, or nearby areas especially at dusk or dawn. That’s the easiest-to-get-to place to see them.

If you are adventurous enough to navigate narrow winding gravel roads, Cataloochee Valley is another prime spot for elk viewing. From the website: “The entrance road to Cataloochee Valley is a winding, gravel road that has some steep drop offs with no guard rails. The road is narrow, so drivers may be required to stop or back up their vehicles to allow oncoming motorists to pass.” I can tell you they are not kidding. But because of that, it’s going to be a lot less busy and crowded than other parts of the park. There are plenty of hiking trails as well. I recently went on a Sunday afternoon, met a grand total of three cars on the gravel road, was the only car at the trailhead, and saw nobody during my two hour hike.

Salamanders: I personally haven’t looked for them specifically, but I know of others who have. One place to go appears to be the Cosby area. This is far off the beaten path so might be a good area to explore on otherwise crowded days anyway. It’s on the TN side near the north end and you can get there by taking 321 N from Gatlinburg and then route 32. You’ll pass a big sign saying “No Smokies this way - turn around.” Laugh and ignore and continue to the Cosby Campground (turn right onto Cosby Entrance Rd and continue to the large parking area at the shelter). There are several hiking trails that start in that area, some along creeks and apparently with good chances to find salamanders. There are also plenty of spring ephemerals in that area. Bring bug spray - we got swarmed by pesky little black flies out there.

The Greenbrier area along 321 N is another less visited area that may be worth exploring. It’s another gravel road and got washed out by heavy rain in 2022. It was closed for repairs until recently and I think some trails in that area are still closed. There is a creek-side trail starting behind the Greenbrier Ranger Station that offers a variety of mosses and liverworts that I imagine could be another prime spot to look for salamanders. Porters Creek Trail has a great variety of spring ephemerals in April/May.

If you get tired of exploring the Smokies, the Blue Ridge Parkway starts (or rather ends) at Route 441 near Cherokee, NC. Much of its southern end should be lined by blooming azaleas and rhododendrons in early summer making for a very scenic drive. Waterrock Knob at milepost 451 is a great spot to stop and explore for a high elevation hike with sunset/sunrise views and might make a nice addition to the trip.


I love the smokies so much it hurts - if hubby and I ever move out of Ohio we’re moving to Asheville.

Personally I’m a huge fan of some of the trails up leconte, the views are gorgeous but most of the wildlife I’ve seen up there is birds, insects, and squirrels - that said most of the trails are fairly crowded, especially lower down, though the higher you get the more they thin out since a lot of people only hike partway up. (Also Trillium Gap trail has some phenomenal wildflower blooms)

There’s a partially-completed road tunnel just outside of Bryson City, hiking through it leads to some trails (though I haven’t personally taken the trails, just gone through the tunnel) - but its a very neat site.

If you want some really great driving, check out the Cherohala skyway and while you’re out that direction, check out Joyce-Kilmer memorial forest for its old growth trees and Huckleberry Knob for a PHENOMENAL view of the smokies while you have yourself a nice lunch on the bald.

If you find yourself on 441, stop in at mingus mill; its just north of the Ocanaluftee visitors center, its an old grist mill that makes for a nice little historic area - there is a stream running through, so maybe salamanders? XD


That’s a great tip! Thank you. I know it’s going to be crazy busy on the weekend that I’m heading up there, but I’ve got a limited window of opportunity, and I don’t know if I’ll ever be back in that part of the U.S. again. It will be good to have some options to escape the noise and the crowds. Fortunately, I’m staying for a whole week, so hopefully I’ll have the run of the more populular areas after everyone else has cleared out and gone home for the weekdays.

1 Like

I’m back from my trip and had a wonderful time. I can’t say I really made much headway in finding all 30+ species of salamander in the park, though. I found salamanders on several different trails, but I only managed to get pictures of one or two different species (Duskies mostly, and I found a pygmy that got away before I could get a picture). Bit of a bust in that regard, but I found so many other great things. I did see the bears and I think I added about 100 new species to my life list (a lot of new arthropods. I got a great picture of a giant millipede!) and broke a few personal milestones. I also thoroughly enjoyed the “quiet walkways”. Given how crazy everything in Gatlinburg and Pigeon Forge is, it was nice to be able to escape the crowds.

A couple of tips for anyone else who might be visiting: Townsend is a nice place to stay. It’s quiet, it’s got green space and there’s still plenty of good food. Gatlinburg is waaay too crowded, and Pigeon Forge feels like tourist trap hell. Cherokee is not as crowded as Gatlinburg or Pigeon Forge, but seeing advertisements for the “Indian Show” that takes place in a strip mall parking lot next to a gas station and the row of shops selling knickknacky native-themed junk definitely reeks of cultural debasement.

If you’re going to do Cades Cove, go on Wednesday and get there early. Cars are not allowed on the loop road on Wednesdays, and hiking the short half-loop was much better than being stuck in a four-hour traffic jam. I definitely got a closer look at everything, too. If Cades Cove is too crowded, the area around the Tremont Institute nearby was a great little corner of the park.

Lastly, a side trip on the Blue Ridge Parkway is another great way to escape the crowds. I found lots of different flowers in the many different road pullouts along the way, including some really unique ones (like cancer-root, a mycoheterotroph like the snow plants I find back in the Sierras in California).


Usually what I do in Cherokee is stick to the museum and the art co-op, the latter especially because you can get great locally made crafts.

It is land owned by the tribe, though, so i assume all the knick-knacky shops are at least going to support locals, despite feeling… mmm, slightly exploitative?

Native Brews is a great little brewpub though

1 Like

I really only got to drive through Cherokee, so it was very much a ‘book by its cover’ impression. If I ever get to go again, I’ll check out the museum and the co-op. I think the Park Service could do a better job of incorporating Cherokee history and culture into the literature and the visitor center displays, though. Despite my impressions with the shopping area, it was cool seeing signs in the Cherokee written language, but I don’t think I saw a single thing in any of the Park displays or literature about it. It seems like they largely ignored the existing tribes in the area in favor of highlighting the Appalachian settlers. I’ve been to Redwood National Park several times, and it feels very different. The Yurok tribe runs a lot of the little towns in the area. Many of them are part of the Park Service, too, and the culture features in a lot of the important places in the Park. The culture feels much more integrated there.

1 Like

P.S. I did check out the Road to Nowhere and did some of the trails on the other side. It was a little rough, and it’s obvious that part of the Park doesn’t get much maintenance, but there was definitely some neat stuff out there. The Gold Mine loop trail past the tunnel is where I spotted my first salamander of the trip.

Also this handsome guy:


It would be nice to see more Cherokee influence on the park, but I would put money on the separation having to do with the land trust situation that controls the land of the eastern band of Cherokee. If you want a rabbit hole to go down, read up on the Qualla Boundary, it is a fascinating bit of history -

I’m glad you checked out the road to nowhere! I really have been meaning to get back there and explore the trails a bit more but every time we get down to the smokies we end up hiking up mountains XDD You found some cuties


I used to get quite angry and frustrated when I couldn’t find my target species while on a trip, which didn’t do me any good. I always think of a target species as a reason to go somewhere and poke around. Even if you don’t find your target, everything is gravy! Glad you had fun.


Glad you enjoyed it! Maybe we even passed each other without knowing. I was down there just this Thursday.

I suspect that unfortunately this was originally quite by design. All one has to do is read Roosevelt’s dedication speech. It idolizes the pioneers while invoking Native Americans as enemies to overcome. Combined with the history of the Trail of Tears, it certainly does not paint a pretty picture.


A lot of the Parks were like that in the beginning. Native tribes were forced to move out and denied access to their sacred sites within the Parks. While the land was never returned to its original inhabitants, some of the parks at least changed over the years to acknowledge the cultures that live in those places. As I mentioned with Redwood, the tribes have access to their sacred sites once again and have a large role in how the Parks operate at the local level. I hope GSMNP will also shift in that direction as time goes on.


Somehow I missed this story last year, but it looks like the tribe is trying to get the name of Clingman’s Dome changed back to the original Cherokee name which like… absolutely yes please do it. Honestly, do it for any of the mountains that had an original name


From Camissa (place of sweet water for all) and Hoerikwaggo (the mountain rising from the sea)

Otherwise known as a set of GPS instructions. Cape Town. Western Cape. South Africa. Just keep heading South till you reach the end of the continent. Can’t miss it. Unless you forgot to stop and landed in the South Atlantic Ocean.

Finally made it to Tennessee

1 Like

I worked in the GSM archives for a few years back in the early 90s and the archivist recommended I read “Strangers in High Places” to get a feel for the history of the park. By the time the park was being created, the Cherokees had been thoroughly sidelined. There are a lot of stories about the people who lived in the area that became the park that aren’t told much today. As a general rule, the national parks have to decide what era of the land’s past they will emphasize and preserve, instead of having a mishmash of eras. The Smokies was the first park, I believe, that was formed of land that wasn’t already in government hands. People had to leave homes and land they and their ancestors had farmed for generations. There were, and still are, a lot a bad feelings about this. The early developers of the park had to evaluate every structure that was left and decide which were worth saving and which to demolish. While helping to catalogue items in the archives, I read a lot of the notebooks of a man called Grossman, whose job this was. You can imagine how people who had been forced to leave felt about this. In the case of the Cherokee,I believe most of them kept their land. Maybe Roosevelt didn’t want to dig into a hornet’s nest by bringing them into his speech!